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Abilene Library Consortium, Abilene, Texas

Texas Digital Newspaper Program

Alexander Memorial Library, Cotulla, Texas

            Cotulla Area Newspaper Collection

Amon Carter Museum of American Art, Fort Worth, Texas

Anderson County Historical Commission, Palestine, Texas

Austin History Center, Austin Public Library, Austin, Texas

Austin Photo Supply Photograph Collection

Chalberg Collection of Prints and Negatives

General Collection Photographs

McCallum, Jane, Family Papers

Baylor University Libraries

            The Texas Collection

            Gildersleeve Collection

Bell County Museum, Belton, Texas

            Ferguson, Miriam Amanda, Papers

Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas

Gonzalez de Mireles, Jovita, Manuscripts and Works

Idar, Jr., Eduardo, Papers

League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) Archives

Mar, Clemente N., Papers

Montemayor, Alice Dickerson, Papers

Munguia Family Papers

War, Federico and Idar Family Papers

Berkeley Library, University of California

Goldman, Emma, Papers [microform]: A microfilm edition

Blagg-Huey Library, the Woman's Collection, Texas Woman's University, Denton, Texas

            Anthony, Susan B., scrapbooks, 1848-1900, 34 volumes on microfilm (from the Library of Congress)

            Grimmet, Beulah, Papers

Gearing, Mary E., Biographical File

Gerritsen Collection of Women’s History, microfilm and microfiche

History of Women, 995 reels on microfilm

Hooker, Isabella Beecher, microfiche (national papers)

Idar, Jovita, Biographical Vertical File

National Woman’s Party Papers: The Suffrage Years, 1913-1920, microfiche

Pamphlets in American History, Group I, Women, microfiche

Ramírez, Sara Estela, Biographical Vertical File

Stoddard, Helen, Papers

Tenayuca, Emma, Collection

Tenayuca, Emma. Interview by Emilio Zamara and Oralia Cortez, 19 June 1986

Texas Equal Suffrage Association Minute Book

Texas Federation of Women's Clubs, Papers

Villegas de Magnón, Leonor, Vertical File

Yearbook of the Texas Federation of Women’s Clubs, 1901-1902, Texas Federation of Women’s Clubs

Union Signal, 1883-1933, 37 reels on microfilm - Union Signal was the official publication of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union

Boston Public Library

            Norman B. Leventhal Map Center Collection

Boyce Ditto Public Library

            A.F. Weaver Collection

Bullock Museum, Austin, Texas

Bryn Mawr College

            Catt Collection Suffrage Photographs

California State Library Digital Collection

Charles R. Delphenis Private Collection

Cherokee County Historical Commission

Chicago History Museum

Clay County Historical Society, Henrietta, Texas

Cornell University Library

            Persuasive Maps: PJ Mode Collection

            International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union Archives


D.C. Public Library, Washington, D.C.

            Historical Image Collection

            DCPL Commons

Dallas Historical Society

            Ames, Jessie Daniel, Papers

            Liebman, Mrs. Morris, Papers

            Love, Thomas B., Papers

Dallas Public Library

            Butts, Marion Collection

Danish Heritage Preservation Society

Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo, San Antonio

Brackenridge, Eleanor, Biographical File

Porter, Ella, Biographical File

DeGloyer Library, Southern Methodist University

Lawrence T. Jones III Texas Photographs

Walter H. Horne Photograph Collection

Digital Repositories at Duke University

            William Emerson Strong Photo Album

Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas

            Aldrich, Roy Wilkinson Papers

Austin Women’s Suffrage Association Records - Constitution, list of charter members, and minutes of meetings of the association

Ballinger, Hally Bryan, Papers

Barker, Eugene Campbell, Papers

Barr, Amelia, Letters

Battle, William James, Papers

Batts, Robert Lynn, Papers

Bedichek, Roy, Papers

Berry, Margaret C., Papers

Better Babies Movement and Scrapbook

Burton, Margaret Sealy, Letters

Cohen, Henry, Papers

Collier, Lillian, Papers

Colquitt, Oscar B., Papers

Conference for Education in Texas Records

Cook, Phillip P. Photographs

Craft, Juanita Jewel Shanks Collection

Crane, Martin McNulty, Papers

Cunningham Biographical File

Cunningham, Minnie Fisher, Papers - The Minnie Fisher Cunningham Papers contain campaign material, correspondence, biographies, and other documents that shed light on her life and activities

Dominguez, Simon E., Letter Press, 1904-1925 letters

Ellis, Alexander Caswell, Papers

Ferguson, James Edward, Collection

Ferguson, James Edward, Scrapbooks

Galveston Screwmen’s Benevolent Association, Records, Labor Movement in Texas Collection

Gearing, Mary E., Biographical Files

Hickman, R.C., Photographic Archive

Hobby, William P., Jr. Papers

Hobby, William P., Sr. Family Papers

Hogg, William Clifford, Papers

Kuehne, John Matthias Photograph Collection

Labor Movement in Texas Collection, F 12

Lee, Russell Photograph Collection

Littlejohn, Calvin Photographic Archive

Lomax, John Avery, Family Papers

McCallum, Jane Y. and Arthur N. McCallum, Family Papers

Neal, Margie E., Papers

Newman, John, Letter

Parten, J.R., Papers

Peddy, George E.B., Papers

Pennybacker, Mrs. Percy V., Papers

Primer Congreso Mexicanista, Verificado en Laredo, Texas EEUU de A. Los Dias 14 al 22 de Septiembre de 1911. Discursos y Conferencias Per la Raza y Para la Raza. Tipografia de N. Idar, 1912

Prints and Photographs Collection

Sharp, Mrs. Walter B. [Estelle Boughton], Papers

Sterling, R.S., Papers

Sutton, William Seneca, Papers

Texas War Records

Texas Woman’s Association Press Scrapbook

University of Texas Memorabilia

Verkin Photo Company Collection

Vinson, Robert E., Papers

WCTY Minute Book, Houston Central, Rockwell Brothers Records

Wells, Mrs. James B., Biographical File

Winegarten, Ruthe, Papers - Research materials, correspondence and production materials for books and theatrical productions concerning African American women, Texas women, Hispanic women and Texas politics

Winkelmann Photograph Collection

Wolfram, Henry M., Papers

Woman’s Christian Temperance Union of Texas Scrapbook, 1922-1941

Yarborough, Ralph, Papers

Yearbook of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union of Texas, November 1904-October 1905, George Purl Childers Papers

El Paso Public Library Border Heritage Center, El Paso, Texas

Kohlberg, Olga, Biographical File

Otis Aultman Photograph Collection

Elisabet Ney Museum, Austin, Texas

FILM Archives


Fort Bend County Libraries, George Memorial Library

Fort Bend History Association

Fort Bend Museum, Richmond, Texas

The Frick Collection

Galveston & Texas History Center, Rosenberg Library, Galveston, Texas

Aves, Etheldreda, Subject Files

Beers Family Papers

Borden, Gail, Papers

First Presbyterian Church Records

French Benevolent Society of Galveston Records

Galveston City Directories

Galveston Equal Suffrage Association Records

Grace Episcopal Church Records

Hawley, J. H., Papers, Galveston and Texas History Center

Howard Association of Galveston Records

Ladies' Musical Club of Galveston, Subject Files, Rosenberg Library Galveston, Texas

Leslie C. Brand to Mother, May 11, 1899, Galveston Vertical File

Morgan Family, Papers, Galveston and Texas History Center

“Pioneer Presbyterian Missionary and Teacher in the Republic of Texas," typescript, Subject Files

“Reminiscences of Mrs. Martha H. Poole," typescript

Rosenberg Family Papers

Rygaard, Kincy, File

Seargent, Thomas, Letter

Simonds, James Person. Report of a Sanitary Survey of the City of Galveston, Texas. Galveston: Galveston Commercial Association, 1913, Rosenberg Library, Galveston, Texas

Stuart, Ben, Papers, Galveston and Texas History Center

Trinity Episcopal Church Records

Wednesday Club Records

“Mrs. H. Smith and Mrs. L. Harrison," Oral History

Galveston County Historical Museum

Galveston Historical Foundation

Gaumount Pathé Archives

Getty Images

Hardin-Simmons University Library, Abilene, Texas

            Abilene Photograph Collection

Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas

            World War I Posters Collection

Historic Films Stock Footage Archive

The History Center, Diboll, Texas

History San José

Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public Library

Adair, Christia V., Papers

Black Photographic Collection

Finnigan, Annette Collection

Jack Yates Antioch Baptist Photograph Collection

Looscan, Adele Briscoe, Papers

Married Ladies Social, Art and Charity Club records

Richardson, C.F., Sr. Papers

Texas Cultures Online Collection

Thompson Family Photograph Collection

Town of Independence Heights Collection

Views in Texas 1895-1896 Collection

Howard Payne University Walker Memorial Library

            Texas Digital Newspaper Program

Howard University Archives, Washington, D.C.

The Huntington Library

 Library Main Hall exhibition "Remarkable Works, Remarkable Times: Highlights from the Huntington Library."

Indiana State Library

            Hoosier State Chronicles

Iowa State University Special Collections and University Archives

            University Photograph Collection

Jacob Fontaine Religious Museum

            Building the African-American Community Collection

John E. Allen Stock Footage Library, Inc.

Joe A Guerra Laredo Public Library, Laredo, Texas

Rescuing Texas History Collection

Washington's Birthday Celebration files, Historical Collection

Library Company of Philadelphia

Library of Congress

            Anthony-Taylor-Rand-Ordway-Eaton Collection

Bain, George Grantham Collection

Bain News Service Photograph Collection

            Carson, Marian S. Collection

Catt, Carrie Chapman Papers

Civil War Photographs, 1861-1865

Harris & Ewing Collection

            Highsmith, Carol M. Collection

Terrell, Mary Church Papers

NAACP Photographs of National, Regional, and State Conference Activities and Delegates

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Records

National Child Labor Committee Collection

            National Photo Company Collection

New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection

Niver, Kemp Collection

Popular and Applied Graphic Art Print Filing Series

            Records of the National Woman's Party

            Roy Wilkins Panoramic Photographs

Stanford, Robin G. Collection

            U.S. News & World Report Magazine Photograph Collection

Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company, Fort Worth, Texas

            Where the West Begins: Capturing Fort Worth’s Historic Treasures Collection

Los Angeles Public Library Photo Collection

Shades of L.A. Photo Collection

Louisiana Digital Library

            Historic New Orleans Collection

Lyndon Baines Johnson Presidential Library Photo Archive

Mary and Jeff Bell Library, Texas A&M, Corpus Christi, Texas

Garcia, Hector P., Papers

Massachusetts Historical Society

Mississippi Department of Archives & History

Missouri Historical Society

Montgomery County Historical Society, Rockville, Maryland

Moore Memorial Public Library, Texas City, Texas

Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University, Washington D.C.

Grimke, Angelina Weld, Papers

Grimke, Charlotte Forten, Diary

            Morton Museum of Cooke County

Museum of the Gulf Coast

Museum of Modern Art (MoMA)

Museum of South Texas History, Edinburgh, Texas

            Frank Lauderdale Cook Scrapbook

National Archives Catalog

            America’s Founding Documents

            American Film Institute Collection

Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc. Collection

Ford Motor Company Collection

            Records of the Extension Service

            Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer

            Records of the Office of the Secretary of the Interior

            Records of the U.S. Information Agency

            Records of the War Department General and Special Staffs

National Museum of Health and Medicine

            Otis Historical Archives

National Nineteenth Amendment Society

National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

National Woman’s Party Photograph Collection

New York Public Library

            Schwimmer-Lloyd Collection

The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Photography Collection

Oklahoma Historical Society

Palo Pinto County Historical Commission

Pharmacy and Medical Museum, Cuero, Texas


Prairie View A&M University Special Collections

Private Collection of T. B. Willis

Producers Library Archival Stock Footage

Red River County Public LIbrary, Clarksville, Texas

            Red River County Area Newspaper Collection

Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum

Richardson Public Library, Richardson, Texas

            Texas History Collection

Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University

Anthony, Susan Brownwell Papers

Brown, Dorothy Kirchwey, Papers, 1917-1957

Catt, Carrie Chapman, Papers

Stantial, Edna, Papers

Woman’s Rights Collection/Women’s Studies Manuscript Collection

Smith College Special Collections

Catt, Carrie Chapman Catt Papers

Sophia Smith Collection of Women’s History

Smithsonian Institution Archives

South Carolina Digital Library

            Furman University Historical Images

State Archives of North Carolina

            Equal Suffrage Amendment Collection

Women in North Carolina 20th Century History Collection

The State Historical Society of Iowa

The State Historical Society of Missouri

            The Records of the St. Louis Metropolitan League of Women Voters

State Library and Archives of Florida

Stephen F. Austin State University East Texas Digital Archives

Tarrant County College Heritage Room Special Collections

Tennessee State Library and Archives

            Women’s Suffrage in Tennessee Collection

            Pearson, Josephine A., Papers

Texas A&M University at Kingsville, South Texas Archives

Texas Archive of the Moving Image

            W. H. Tilley Collection

Texas General Land Office

            General Map Collection

Texas Historical Commission

Texas Legislative Reference Library

Texas State Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission

A. Garland Adair Collection

Ames, Jessie Daniel, Papers

Clyde and Thelma See Glass Plate Negatives Collection

Darden, Ida, Scrapbook, Archives Division

Ferguson, James Edward, Records

Ferguson, Miriam Amanda, Records

Folsom, Erminia Thompson Papers, Archives Division

Godfrey, Veree McFadin, Papers, Archives Division

Governor’s Mansion Collection

Graham, R. Niles Collection

Hobby, William Pettus, Records

Mabel H. Brooks Photograph Collection

Records of the Secretary of State, Election Returns

Ruffini Collection

Walter County Election Returns, Records of the Secretary of State

William Deming Hornaday Photograph Collection

Texas Southern University Special Collections

            Jordan, Barbara C. Papers

U.S. Army Center for Military History

University of California Los Angeles Film & Television Archive

University of California Riverside Special Collections and Archives

            Sabino Osuna Photograph Collection

University of Chicago Library, Special Collections Research Center

University of Chicago Photographic Archive

Wells, Ida B., Papers

University of Houston, Houston, Texas

Cunningham, Minnie Fisher, Papers

Cunningham, Minnie Fischer, The McArthur-Smith Research Papers

Villegas de Magnón, Leonor, Papers

University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center

Clay Papers

Clay, Laura Photographs

University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries Special Collections and University Archives

            Du Bois, W.E.B., Papers

University of Minnesota Libraries

Kautz Family YMCA Archives

University of North Texas Libraries

            Texas Digital Newspaper Program

University of Northern Iowa ScholarWorks

            Palczewski Suffrage Postcard Archive

University of South Carolina Libraries Digital Collections

            Abby D. Munro Papers

Fox Movietone News Collection

University of Tennessee Chattanooga Special Collections

University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections

General Photograph Collection

Negley, Laura Burleson, Papers

Woman’s Club of San Antonio Records, 1892-2016

University of Texas at Arlington, Libraries Special Collections

            Basil Clemons Photograph Collection

            Fort Worth Star-Telegram Collection

            J.W. Dunlop Photograph Collection

            Texas State Federation of Labor Photograph Collection

University of Texas at El Paso, C.L. Sonnichsen Special Collections

            Kohlberg Family Papers

University of Virginia Library Special Collections

            Jackson Davis Collection of African American Photographs

University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee

            American Geographical Society Library Digital Map Collection

University of Wyoming Libraries

Virginia Commonwealth University Libraries Special Collections and Archives

            Adèle Goodman Clark Papers

Walker County Treasures

            Times & Places Collection

Webb County Heritage Foundation

“Churches, Lodges, and Societies of Laredo, Texas.” General Directory of the City of Laredo, 1911

“Exhibit—The Three R’s: Leonor Villegas de Magnón, WCHF, 1998.” Vertical File

Magnón, Joaquin Alfredo (Joe). Interview by Jorge González, I June 1978

Westerville Public Library

Anti-Saloon League Collection

The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Ames, Jessie Daniel Papers

Digital North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives

Wisconsin Historical Society

Wolf Creek Heritage Museum

Newspapers, Magazines and Journals of Interest:

Austin American

Austin Statesman

The Bisbee Daily Review

The Club Monthly

Colored American Magazine


Dallas Morning News

Dallas Times-Herald

El Defensor del Obrero

El Democrata Fronterizo

The Evening World


Farm and Ranch

Ferguson Forum

Fort Worth Gazette

Fort Worth Record

Fort Worth Star-Telegram

Galveston City Times

Galveston Daily News

Galveston Journal

Galveston New Idea

Galveston Tribune

Harper’s New Monthly Magazine

Harper’s Weekly

Houston Chronicle

Houston Labor journal

Houston Post

Kerrville Mountain Sun

La Crónica

La Vox

La Prensa

Laredo Daily News

Laredo Morning Times

Leslie’s Weekly Illustrated

Los Angeles Eagle

Negro Year Book

New National Era

New Republic

New York Age

New York Times



San Antonio Express

San Antonio Light

Texas Observer

Times Magazine

Texas Motherhood Magazine - published by Congress of Mothers, Texas Congress of Mothers and Parent-Teacher Associations

has all copies of magazines at Austin headquarters

Texas Supplement of the Association Monthly

Washington Post

The Washington Times

Wichita Daily Times

Woman’s Era

Woman’s Journal

Oral History Interviews of Interest:

Cantú, Norma E. Interview by Gabriela González, 14 September 2000, San Antonio, Texas.

Cantú, Norma E. Interview by Gabriela González, 25 September 2000, San Antonio, Tens.

Cisneros, Elvira. Interview by Gabriela González, 28 April 1994, San Antonio, Texas.

Cisneros, Elvira. Interview by Gabriela González, 19 November 1995, San Antonio, Texas.

Cisneros, Elvira. Interview by Gabriela González, 1 September 2000, San Antonio, Texas.

Cisneros, Elvira. Interview by Gabriela González, 5 September 2000, San Antonio, Texas.

Cisneros, Elvira. Interview by Gabriela González, 15 September 2000, San Antonio, Texas.

De López, Jovita Fuentes. Interview by Gabriela González, 11 September 2000, San Antonio, Texas.

Idar, Eduardo Jr. Interview by Gabriela González, 31 August 2000, San Antonio, Texas.

Idar, Aquilino (Ike) and Guadalupe Idar. Interview by Dr. Jerry Poyo and Tom F. Shelton, 26 October 1984, Institute of Texan Cultures,

University of Texas, San Antonio, Texas. Lozano, Mónica. Interview by Shirley Biagi, Los Angeles, California, 13 December 1993, http:// beta.wpdorg/oralhistory/loz1.html (accessed September 17, 2011).

Magnón, Joaquin Alfredo (Joe). Interview by Jorge González, I June 1978, Webb County Heritage Foundation, Laredo, Texas

Montemayor, Aurelio. Interview by Gabriela González, 9 October 2000, San Antonio, Texas

“Mrs. H. Smith and Mrs. L. Harrison," Oral History, Rosenberg Library, Galveston, Texas

Munguía, Rubén. Interview by Gabriela González, 6 May 1994, San Antonio, Texas.

Munguía, Rubén. Interview by Gabriela González, 30 August 2000, San Antonio, Texas.

Offer, María del Carmen Guardiola. Interview by Gabriela González, 10 August 2000, Laredo, Texas.

Sharyll Soto Teneyuca, telephone conversation with author, 7 May 2003. The author has her permission to quote.

Tafolla, Carmen. Interview by Gabriela González, S October 2000, San Antonio, Texas.

Tenayuca, Emma. Interview by Gerry Poyo, 21 February 1987, Institute of Texan Cultures, University of Texas, San Antonio.

Tenayuca, Emma. Interview by Emilio Zamara and Oralia Cortez, 19 June 1986, The Woman's Collection, Texas Woman's University,


Adriana Craddock interview of Elena Medellín de Ramírez (b. 1915 in Laredo), Spring 1993.

Sandra P. Thompson interview of Reynaldo García, Sr., (b. in 1909 in Lampazos, Nuevo Leon, Mexico—family moved to Laredo in

1916), Spring 1993.

Interview transcript with Christia Adair, Black Women Oral History Project, Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe College, copy in box 4,

folder 2, Adair Papers, Houston Metropolitan Research Center

Published Primary Sources of Interest:

Barton, Clara. Report of Red Cross Relief, Galveston, Texas. Washington, D.C., 1900-1901.

Central Relief Committee for Galveston Storm Sufferers. Report of the Central Relief Committee for Galveston Storm Sufferers.

Galveston, TX: Clarke & Courts, 1902.

Clark, Victor S. Mexican Labor in the United States. Department of Commerce and Labor Bulletin no. 78. Washington, DC:

Government Printing Office, 1908. Reprinted in Carlos E. Cortes, Mexican American Labor in the United States. New York: Arno Press, 1974,466-522.

Constitution and By-laws of the Women’s Health Protective Association of Galveston. Galveston: Clarke and Courts, 1901.

Coulter, John, ed. The Complete Story of the Galveston Horror, Written by the Survivors. Chicago: united Publishers of America, 1900.

Greene, Nathan C., ed. Story of the Galveston Flood: Complete, Graphic, Authentic. Baltimore: R. H. Woodward Co., 1900.

Halstead, Murat. Galveston: The Horrors of a Stricken City. Chicago: American Publishers Association, 1900.

Malloy, Joseph I. May Catholics Be Masons? Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press, 1927.

Ousley, Clarence. Galveston in 1900. Atlanta: W.C. Chase, 1901.

Perales, Alonso S. En defensa de mi raza. Vol. 1. San Antonio: Artes Graficas, 1936.

Pryor, Mrs. Roger A. My Day: Reminiscences of a Long Life. New York: Macmillan, 1909.

Tenayuca, Emma, and Homer Brooks. "The Mexican Question in the Southwest." The Communist, March 1939.

Turner, Joint Kenneth. Barbarous Mexico. Chicago: Charles H. Kerr & Company, 1910.

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