BIBLIOGRAPHY

Selected Readings:

Acosta, Teresa Palomo, and Ruthe Winegarten. Las Tejanas: 300 Years of History. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2003. 

Barr, Alwyn. Black Texans: A History of Negroes in Texas, 1528-1971. Austin: Jenkins Pub. Co., 1973. 

———. Reconstruction to Reform: Texas Politics, 1876-1906. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1971. 

Beasley, Ellen. The Alleys and Back Buildings of Galveston. Houston: Rice University Press, 1996.

Beasley, Ellen, and Stephen Fox. Galveston Architecture Guidebook. Houston: Rice University Press, 1996.

Bernstein, Patricia. The First Waco Horror: The Lynching of Jesse Washington and the Rise of the NAACP. College Station: Texas

A&M University Press, 2005.

Berry, Daina Ramey, and Kali Nicole Gross, eds. A Black Women’s History of the United States. Boston: Beacon Press, 2020. 

Bixel, Patricia Bellis, and Elizabeth Hayes Turner. Galveston and the 1900 Storm: Catastrophe and Catalyst. Austin: University of Texas

Press, 2000.

Boswell, Angela. Her Act and Deed: Women’s Lives in a Rural Southern County, 1837-1873. College Station: Texas A&M University

Press, 2001.

———. Women in Texas History. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2018.

Brannon-Wranosky, Jessica. “Southern Promise and Necessity: Texas, Regional Identity, and the National Woman Suffrage Movement,

1868-1920.” PhD diss., University of North Texas, 2010. 

Brannon-Wranosky, Jessica, ed. Texas Women and the Vote. Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 2019. 

Brannon-Wranosky, Jessica, and Bruce A. Glasrud, eds. Impeached: The Removal of Texas Governor James E. Ferguson. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2017.

Buenger, Walter. The Path to a Modern South: Northeast Texas Between Reconstruction and the Great Depression. Austin: University of

Texas Press, 2001. 

Campbell, Randolph B. A Southern Community in Crisis: Harrison County, Texas, 1850–1880. Austin: Texas State Historical

Association, 1983.

Catt, Carrie Chapman, and Nettie Rogers Shuler. Woman Suffrage and Politics: The Inner Story of the Suffrage Movement. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1923. 

Cooper, Anna J. A Voice from the South. Xenia, Ohio: The Aldine Printing House, 1892. 

Crawford, Ann Fears, and Crystal Sasse Ragsdale. Women in Texas: Their Lives, Their Experiences, Their Accomplishments. Burnet:

Eakin Press, 1982. 

Dailey, Maceo Crenshaw, Jr., and Kristine Navarro. Wheresoever My People Chance to Dwell: Oral Interviews with African American

Women of El Paso. Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 2000. 

Downs, Fane, and Nancy Baker Jones, eds. Women and Texas History: selected essays. Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1993. 

Dubois, Ellen Carol. Feminism and Suffrage: The Emergence of an Independent Women’s Movement in America, 1848-1869. Ithaca,

New York: Cornell University Press, 1978. 

Evans, Eola Adeline. “Activity of Black Women in the Woman Suffrage Movement, 1900-1920.” M.A. thesis, Lamar University, 1987.

Ewing, Cortez A.M. “The Impeachment of James E. Ferguson.” Political Science Quarterly 48, no. 2 (1993): 184-210. 

Flexner, Eleanor. Century of Struggle: The Woman’s Rights Movement in the United States. Cambridge: Harvard University Press,

1959. 

Fornell, Earl W. The Galveston Era: The Texas Crescent on the Eve of Secession. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1961. 

Glasrud, Bruce A. “Jim Crow’s Emergence in Texas.” American Studies 15, no. 1 (1974): 47-60

Glasrud, Bruce A., ed. African Americans in the West: A Bibliography of Secondary Sources. Alpine: Sul Ross State University Center for

Big Bend Studies, 1998. 

Glasrud, Bruce A., and Laurie Champion, eds. Exploring the Afro-Texas Experience: A Bibliography of Secondary Source About Black

Texans. Alpine: Sul Ross State University Center for Big Bend Studies, 1999. 

Glasrud, Bruce A., and Merline Pitre, eds. Black Women in Texas History. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2008. 

González, Gabriela. Redeeming La Raza: Transborder Modernity, Race Respectability, and Rights. New York: Oxford University Press,

2018. 

Gould, Lewis L. Progressives and Prohibitionists: Texas Democrats in the Wilson Era. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1973. 

———. “The University Becomes Politicized: The War with Jim Ferguson, 1915-1918.” Southwestern Historical Quarterly 86, no. 2

(1982): 255-76. 

Gunter, Rachel Michelle. “More than Black and White: Woman Suffrage and Voting Rights in Texas, 1918-1923.” PhD diss., Texas A&M

University.

Hall, Jacquelyn Dowd. Revolt Against Chivalry: Jessie Daniel Ames and the Women’s Campaign Against Lynching. New York: Columbia

University Press, 1993. 

Handbook of Texas Online, Nancy Baker Jones, "ADAIR, CHRISTIA V. DANIELS,"

accessed July 18, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fad19. Uploaded on June 9, 2010.

Modified on June 25, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Handbook of Texas Online, Nancy Baker Jones and Cynthia Greenwood, "CRAWFORD, ROBERTA DODD,"

accessed July 18, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fcr69. Uploaded on June 12, 2010.

Modified on October 25, 2015. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Harrigan, Stephen. Big Wonderful Thing: A History of Texas. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2019. 

Hill, Ruth Edmonds. The Black Women Oral History Project. Westport: Meckler Ltd., 1991.

Hine, Darlene Clark, Elsa Barkley Brown, and Rosalyn Terborg-Penn, eds. Black Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia.

Brooklyn, N.Y.: Carlson Publishing, 1993.

Humphrey, Janet G., ed. A Texas Suffragist: Diaries and Writings of Jane Y. McCallum. Austin: Ellen C. Temple Publishing, 1988,

Reprinted College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2015.

Jones, Jacqueline. Goddess of Anarchy: The Life and Times of Lucy Parsons, American Radical. New York: Basic Books, 2017.

———. Labor of Love, Labor of Sorrow: Black Women, Work, and the Family, From Slavery to the Present. New York: Basic Books,

2009.

Kraditor, Aileen. The Ideas of the Woman Suffrage Movement, 1890-1920. New York: Columbia University Press, 1965.

Kretzmann, Stephen P. “A House Built Upon the Sand: Race, Class, Gender, and the Galveston Hurricane of 1900.” PhD diss., Madison:

University of Wisconsin, 1995.

Liles, Deborah M., and Angela Boswell. Women in Civil War Texas: Diversity and Dissidence in the Trans-Mississippi. Denton:

University of North Texas Press, 2016. 

Malone, Ann Patton. Women on the Texas Frontier: A Cross-Cultural Perspective. El Paso: Texas Western Press, 1983.

McArthur, Judith N. Creating the New Woman: The Rise of Southern Women’s Progressive Culture in Texas, 1893-1918. Chicago:

University of Illinois Press, 1998. 

McArthur, Judith N., and Harold L. Smith. Minnie Fisher Cunningham: A Suffragist’s Life in Politics. New York: Oxford University

Press, 2003.

———. Texas Through Women’s Eyes: The Twentieth Century Experience. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2010.

McCallum, Jane Y. “Activities of Women in Texas Politics.” In Texas Democracy: A Centennial History of Politics and Personalities of

the Democratic Party, 1836-1936, 470-474. Austin: Democratic Historical Association, 1937. 

McElhaney, Jacquelyn Masur. Pauline Periwinkle and Progressive Reform in Dallas. College Station: Texas A&M University Press,

1998.

McMillen, Margot. The Golden Lane: How Missouri Women Gained the Vote and Changed History. Charleston: The History Press,

2011. 

Miles, Merle Yvonne. “‘Born and Bred’ in Texas: Three Generations of Black Females: A Critique of Social Science Perceptions on the

Black Female.” PhD diss., University of Texas at Austin, 1986. 

Park, Maud Wood and Edna Lamprey Stantial, eds. Front Door Lobby (An Account of the Achievement of Woman Suffrage in the

United States). Boston: Beacon Press, 1960.

Pitre, Merline. “Barbara Charline Jordan.” In Black Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia, 658–59. Brooklyn: Carlson Publishing, 1993.

———. “Black Houstonians and the ‘Separate but Equal’ Doctrine: Carter W. Wesley versus Lulu B. White.” The Houston Review 12,

no. 1 (1990): 23–36.

———. “Building and Selling the NAACP: Lulu B. White as an Organizer and Mobilizer.” East Texas Historical Journal 39 (2001):

22-32.

———. “In Retrospect: Darlene Hine’s Black Victory.” In Darlene Clark Hine, Black Victory: The Rise and Fall of the White Primary

in Texas, 25–40. Rev. ed. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2003.

———. In Struggle against Jim Crow: Lulu B. White and the NAACP, 1900–1957. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1999.

———. “Lulu B. White.” In Black Women in America, 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.

———. “Lulu B. White and the Civil Rights Movement in Houston, Texas, 1939–1957.” In Invisible Texans: Women and Minorities in

Texas History, 192–203. Boston: McGraw Hill, 2005.

———. “Lulu B. White and the Integration of the University of Texas, 1945–1950.” In African American Women Confront the West,

1600–2000, 293–308. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2003.

———. “Lulu B. White, the NAACP, and the Fight against Segregation in Houston.” In Major Problems in Texas History, 419–36.

Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2002.

———. “White, Lulu Belle Madison.” In The New Handbook of Texas, 929. Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1996.

Prestage, Jewel L. “Flossie M Byrd.” In Black Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia, 211-212. Brooklyn: Carlson Publishing,

1993. 

Rutherford, Bruce. The Impeachment of Jim Ferguson. Austin: Eakin Press, 1983. 

Scott, Anne Firor. The Southern Lady: From Pedestal to Politics, 1830-1930. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970. 

Scott, Anne Firor, and Andrew Mackay Scott. One Half the People: The Fight for Woman Suffrage. Chicago: University of Illinois Press,

1975.

Seaholm, Megan. “Earnest Women: The White Woman’s Club Movement in Progressive Era Texas, 1880-1920.” PhD diss., Rice

University, 1988.

Sharpless, Rebecca. Fertile Ground, Narrow Choices: Women on Texas Cotton Farms, 1900-1940. Chapel Hill: University of North

Carolina Press, 1999.

Sims, Anastatia. “The Woman Suffrage Movement in Texas.” Senior thesis, University of Texas at Austin, 1974.

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, Susan B. Anthony and Matilda Joslyn Gage, eds. History of Woman Suffrage. New York: Arno & The New

York Times, 1969. 

Steen, Ralph W. “Ferguson’s War on the University of Texas.” The Southwestern Social Science Quarterly 35, no. 4 (1955): 356-62.

Stuntz, Jean A. Hers, His, and Theirs: Community Property Law in Spain and Early Texas. Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press,

2005.

Taylor, Elizabeth A. “The Woman Suffrage Movement in Texas.” Journal of Southern History 27 (May 1951): 194-215.

Terborg-Penn, Rosalyn. African American Women in the Struggle for the Vote, 1850-1920. Bloomington: Indiana University Press,

1998. 

Terrell, Mary Church. A Colored Woman in a White World. Washington: Ransdell Incorporated, 1940.

Turner, Elizabeth Hayes. “White-Gloved Ladies’ and ‘New Women’ in the Texas Woman Suffrage Movement.” In Southern Women:

Histories and Identities, 129-156. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1992. 

———. Women, Culture, and Community: Religion and Reform in Galveston, 1880-1920. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. 

Ware, Susan. Why They Marched: Untold Stories of the Women Who Fought for the Right to Vote. Cambridge: Harvard University

Press, 2019.

Wheeler, Marjorie Spruill. New Women of the New South: The Leaders of the Woman Suffrage Movement in the Southern States. New

York: Oxford University Press, 1993. 

Wheeler, Marjorie Spruill, ed. One Woman, One Vote: Rediscovering the Woman Suffrage Movement. Oregon: NewSage Press, 1995. 

Winegarten, Ruthe. Black Texas Women: 150 Years of Trial and Triumph. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1994. 

Winegarten, Ruthe and Judith N. McArthur, eds. Citizens at Last: The Woman Suffrage Movement in Texas. Austin: Ellen C. Temple

Publishing, 1987, Reprinted College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2015.

Additional Readings:

Alexander, Adele Logan. “Adella Hunt Logan, the Tuskegee Woman’s Club, and African Americans in the Suffrage Movement.” In

Votes For Women: The Woman Suffrage Movement in Tennessee, the South and the Nation. Nashville: University of Tennessee Press, 1995.

Alexander, Charles C. Crusade for Conformity: The Ku Klux Klan in Texas, 1920-1930. Houston: Texas Gulf Coast Historical

Association, 1962.

Alperin, Lynn M. Custodians of the Coast: History of the United States Army Engineers at Galveston. Galveston: U.S. Army Corps of

Engineers, 1977.

Alter, Judy. Miriam “Ma” Ferguson: First Woman Governor of Texas. Austin: State House Press, 2006.

Anders, Evan. Boss Rule in South Texas: The Progressive Era. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982.

Armstead, Johnnie M. “Black Women and Texas History.” In Bricks Without Straw: A Comprehensive History of African Americans in

Texas, 114–24. Austin: Eakin Press, 1997.

Ashbaugh, Carolyn. Lucy Parsons, American Revolutionary. Chicago: Kerr, 1976.

Bearden, Jim, and Linda Jean Butler. Shadd: The Life and Times of Mary Shadd Cary. Toronto: NC Press, 1977.

Blackwelder, Julia Kirk. Women of the Depression: Caste and Culture in San Antonio, 1929–1939. College Station: Texas A&M

University Press, 1984.

Blue, Carroll Parrott. The Dawn at My Back: Memoir of a Black Texas Upbringing. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2003.

Brannon-Wranosky, Jessica. “Reformers, Populists, and Progressives, 1875-1915.” In Discovering Texas History, 243-58. Norman:

University of Oklahoma Press, 2014.

Brewer, Rose M. “Black Women Workers: Yesterday and Today.” In Women in the Texas Workforce: Yesterday and Today, 35–48.

Austin: People’s History in Texas, 1979.

Brooks, Christopher. “Coming Home: An Interview with Sippie Wallace.” Texas Humanist (July/August 1985): 30–31.

Brown, Elsa Barkley. “Negotiating and Transforming the Public Sphere: African American Political Life in the Transition from Slavery

to Freedom.” Public Culture vol. 7, no. 1 (Fall 1994): 107-146. 

Brown, Norman D. Hood, Bonnet, and Little Brown Jug: Texas Politics, 1921-1928. College Station: Texas A&M University Press,

1984.

Broyles, William. “The Making of Barbara Jordan.” Texas Monthly 4 (October 1976): 33–47.

Bryant, Ira B. Barbara Charline Jordan: From the Ghetto to the Capitol. Houston: D. Armstrong, 1977.

Burka, Paul. “Major Barbara [Jordan].” Texas Monthly 24 (March 1996): 88–89, 110–11.

Burrow, Rachel Northington. “Juanita Craft.” Master’s thesis, Southern Methodist University, 1994.

Byrd, James W. “Aunt Dicy: Legendary Black Lady.” In Legendary Ladies of Texas, 123–31. Dallas: E-Heart Press, 1981.

Calbert, Jack Lynn. “James Edward and Miriam Amanda Ferguson: The ‘Ma’ and ‘Pa’ of Texas Politics.” PhD diss., Indiana University,

1968.

Campbell, Randolph B. “‘My Dear Husband’: A Texas Slave’s Love Letter, 1862.” Journal of Negro History 65 (1980): 361–64.

———. “The Slave Family in Antebellum Texas.” In The American Family, 1–28. Victoria: Victoria College Press, 1988.

Cartwright, Marguerita. “Etta Moten: Glamorous Grandmother.” Negro History Bulletin 18 (March 1955): 137–38.

Coffey, Jim. “Johanna July: A Horse-Breaking Woman.” In Black Cowboys of Texas, 73–82. College Station: Texas A&M University

Press, 2000.

Conner, Jeffie O. Allen. “A Study of Four Hundred and Sixty Negro Farm Families in Three Texas Counties.” Master’s thesis, Prairie

View State Normal and Industrial College, 1944.

Cox, Patrick. “Farmer Jim and ‘The Chief’: Governor Jim Ferguson and His Battle with Eugene C. Barker and the University of Texas.”

In The Texas Book Two: More Profiles, History, and Reminiscences of the University, 133-40. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2012.

Chandler Vaughan, ed. A Child, the Earth, and a Tree of Many Seasons: The Voice of Juanita Craft. Dallas: Halifax Publishing, 1982.

Crouch, Barry A. “The ‘Cords of Love’: Legalizing Black Marital and Family Rights in Postwar Texas.” Journal of Negro History 79

(1994): 334–51.

———. “Seeking Equality: Houston Black Women during Reconstruction.” In Black Dixie: Afro-Texan History and Culture in

Houston, 54–73. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1992.

Crouch, Barry A., and Larry Madaras. “Reconstructing Black Families: Perspectives from the Texas Freedmen’s Bureau Records.”

Prologue 18 (1986): 109–22.

Curlee, Kendall. “White, Mattie B. Haywood.” In The New Handbook of Texas, 930. Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1996.

Curtin, Mary Ellen. “Reaching for Power: Barbara C. Jordan and Liberals in the Texas Legislature, 1966–1972.” Southwestern

Historical Quarterly 108 (October 2004): 211–31.

Davis, Alecia. “Christia V. Adair: Servant of Humanity.” Texas Historian 38 (September 1977): 1–7.

Davis, Clare Ogden. The Woman of It. New York: J. H. Sears, 1929.

de Graaf, Lawrence B. “Race, Sex, and Region: Black Women in the American West, 1850–1920.” Pacific Historical Review 49 (1980):

285–313.

Deacon, J. Byron. Disasters and the American Red Cross in Disaster Relief. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1918.

Decker, Stefanie. “Mama, Activist, and Friend: African-American Women in the Civil Rights Movement in Dallas, Texas, 1945–1998.”

Master’s thesis, Oklahoma State University, 1998.

———. “Women in the Civil Rights Movement: Juanita Craft versus the Dallas Elite.” East Texas Historical Journal 39, no. 1 (2001):

33–42.

DeShields, James. The Fergusons, “Jim and Ma”: The Stormy Petrels in Texas Politics. Dallas: Clyde C. Cockrell, 1932.

Dobbs, Ricky F. Yellow Dogs and Republicans: Allan Shivers and Texas Two-Party Politics. College Station: Texas A&M University

Press, 2005.

Ealy, Rachel Ann. “Dr. Pauline Hopkins: The History of a Community Leader.” Texas Historian 53 (September 1992): 18–19.

Eckerman, Jo. “Artemesia Bowden: Dedicated Dreamer.” Texas Passages 2 (Winter 1987): 1–2.

Emmons, Martha. Deep like the Rivers: Stories of My Negro Friends. Austin: Encino Press, 1969.

Faust, Drew Gilpin. “Trying to Do a Man’s Business: Gender Violence and Slave Management in Civil War Texas.” In Southern Stories

in Peace and War, 174–92. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1992.

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Publishing, 1993.

Frear, Yvonne. “Battling to End Segregation in Dallas, Texas, 1945–1965: Race, Gender, and Social Mobilization in a Local Civil Rights

Movement.” Ph.D. diss., Texas A&M University, 2007.

———. “Generation versus Generation: African Americans in Texas Remember the Civil Rights Movement.” In Lone Star Pasts:

Memory and History in Texas. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2007.

———. “Juanita Craft.” In Black Women in America, 2nd ed., 317–18. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.

———. “Juanita Craft and the Struggle to End Segregation in Dallas, 1945–1955.” In Major Problems in Texas History, 429–36.

Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2002.

Frederickson, Kari A. The Dixiecrat Revolt and the End of the Solid South, 1932-1968. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press,

2001.

Gaines, Jean Foley. “An Evaluative Analysis of Job Opportunities for Negro Students of Business Education in Houston, Texas.”

M.B.Ed. thesis, University of Colorado, 1956.

Green, James R. Grass-Roots Socialism: Radical Movements in the Southwest, 1895-1943. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press,

1978.

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Guzman, Jane Bock. “Yet Another Look at the Fergusons of Texas.” East Texas Historical Journal 44, no. 1 (2006): 40-48.

Hales, Douglas. A Southern Family in White and Black: The Cuneys of Texas. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2003.

Haley, J. Evetts. George W. Littlefield, Texan. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1943.

Halsell, Grace. In Their Shoes: A White Woman’s Journey Living as a Black, Navajo, and Mexican Illegal. Fort Worth: Texas Christian

University Press, 1996.

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Handbook of Texas Online, Paul M. Lucko, "HALL, JOSIE BRIGGS,"

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Handbook of Texas Online, Mary M. Standifer, "COVINGTON, JENNIE BELLE MURPHY,"

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Handbook of Texas Online, Ruthe Winegarten, "TEXAS ASSOCIATION OF WOMEN'S CLUBS,"

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Hardman, Peggy J. “The Anti-Tuberculosis Crusade and the Texas African American Community, 1900–1950.” Ph.D. diss., Texas Tech

University, 1997.

Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins. Sketches of Southern Life. Philadelphia: Ferguson Brothers, 1896.

Harrigan, Stephen. “The Yellow Rose of Texas.” Texas Monthly 12 (April 1984): 152.

Harris, Trudier. “‘The Yellow Rose of Texas’: A Different Cultural View.” In Juneteenth Texas: Essays in African-American Folklore,

315–33. Denton: University of North Texas Press, 1996.

Harrison, Daphne Duval. “Sippie Wallace.” In Black Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia, 1220–23. Brooklyn, N.Y.:

Carlson Publishing, 1993.

Higginbotham, Evelyn Brooks. Righteous Discontent: The Woman’s Movement in the Black Baptist Church, 1880-1920. Cambridge,

MA: Harvard University Press, 1993.

Hill, Larry D. “Texas Progressivism: A Search for Definition.” In Texas Through Time: Evolving Interpretations, 229-50. College

Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1991.

Hill, Larry D., and Robert A. Calvert. “The University of Texas Extension Services and Progressivism.” Southwestern Historical

Quarterly 86, no. 2 (1982): 231–54.

Howard, Vicki. “The Courtship Letters of an African American Couple: Race, Gender, Class, and the Cult of True Womanhood.”

Southwestern Historical Quarterly 100 (July 1996): 65–80.

Ivy, Charlotte. “Forgotten Color: Black Families in Early El Paso.” Password 35 (1990): 5–18.

Jackson, LaVonne Roberts. “Freedom and Family: The Freedmen’s Bureau and African-American Women in Texas in the Reconstruction

Era.” Ph.D. diss., Howard University, 1996.

Jackson, Lela. “Rachel Whitfield (1814–1908).” In Women in Early Texas, 288–93. Austin: Jenkins Publishing, 1975.

James, Allie Winifred. “The Homemaking Activities of a Selected Group of Negro Homemakers in East Texas.” Master’s thesis, Kansas

State College, 1939.

Jordan, Barbara, and Shelby Hearon. Barbara Jordan: A Self-Portrait. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1979.

Katz, William Loren. “Texas.” In Black Women of the Old West, 48–50. New York: Atheneum Books, 1995.

Keir, Scott S. “Middle-Class Black Families in Austin, Texas: An Exploratory Analysis of Husbands and Wives.” Ph.D. diss., University

of Texas at Austin, 1987.

Kirk, Rita G. “Barbara Jordan: The Rise of a Black Woman Politician.” Master’s thesis, University of Arkansas, 1978.

Kossie-Chernyshev, Karen. “Constructing Good Success: The Church of God in Christ and Social Uplift in East Texas.” East Texas

Historical Journal 44 (Spring 2006): 49–55.

Kraditor, Aileen. “Tactical Problems of the Woman Suffrage Movement in the South.” Louisiana Studies, 4 (Winter 1966): 289-307.

Kretzmann, Stephen P. “A House Built Upon the Sand: Race, Class, Gender, and the Galveston Hurricane of 1900.” PhD diss., Madison:

University of Wisconsin, 1995.

Lanseley, Judith W. “Main House, Carriage House: African American Domestic Employees at Faddis House, Beaumont, Texas, 1900–

1950.” Southwestern Historical Quarterly 102 (July 1999): 17–51.

Lebsock, Suzanne. “Woman Suffrage and White Supremacy: A Virginia Case Study.” In Visible Women: New Essays on American

Activism. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1993.

Lede, Naomi W. Precious Memories of a Black Socialite. Houston: D. Armstrong, 1991.

Mason Jr., Herbert Molloy. Death from the Sea. New York: Dial Press, 1972.

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McComb, David G. Galveston: A History. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1986.

McCroskey, Vista. “Barbara Jordan.” In Profiles in Power: Twentieth-Century Texans in Washington, 175–95. Arlington Heights, Ill.:

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Morgan, David. Suffragists and Democrats: The Politics of Woman Suffrage in America. Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1972.

Nieuwenhuizen, Patricia B. “Minnie Fisher Cunningham and Jane Y. McCallum: Leaders of Texas Women for Suffrage and Beyond.”

Senior thesis, University of Texas at Austin, 1982.

O’Connor, Louise S. “Henrietta Williams Foster, ‘Aunt Rittie’: A Cowgirl of the Texas Coastal Bend.” In Black Cowboys of Texas, 67–

72. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2000.

Painter, Nell Irvin. Sojourner Truth: A Life, a Symbol. New York: W.W. Norton, 1996.

———. “Sojourner Truth in Feminist Abolitionism: Difference, Slavery, and Memory.” In An Untrodden Path: Antislavery and

Women’s Political Culture. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1992.

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Quarles, Benjamin. “Frederick Douglass and the Woman’s Rights Movement.” Journal of Negro History 25 (January 1940): 35-44.

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Houston, 1994.

Rawick, George P., ed. The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1979.

Reid, Debra Ann. “Farmers in the New South: Race, Gender, and Class in a Rural Southeast Texas County, 1850–1900.” Master’s thesis,

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